The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final rule to prohibit the manufacture (including import), processing and distribution of methylene chloride in all paint removers for consumer use. EPA has taken this action because of the acute fatalities that have resulted from exposure to the chemical. After analyzing the health impacts and listening to affected families, EPA is taking action to stop the use of this chemical in paint removers intended for consumers.
EPA’s commitment to ensure that chemicals in the retail marketplace are safe for the American public. EPA found risks to consumers to be unreasonable. Acute (short -term) exposures to the methylene chloride fumes can rapidly cause dizziness, loss of consciousness, and death due to nervous system depression. People have died after being incapacitated during paint and coating removal with methylene chloride. A variety of effective, less harmful substitutes are readily available for paint removal.
Paint removal products containing methylene chloride will not be able to be sold at any retail or distribution establishment that have consumer sales, including e-commerce sales. Those prohibitions start 180 days after the effective date of the final rule, which provides time for establishments selling this chemical to consumers to come into compliance with EPA’s ban. EPA expects that many suppliers will implement the rule much sooner. To the extent that consumers want to avoid the unreasonable health risks, consumers should not use methylene chloride for paint and coating removal. EPA is also requiring manufacturers, processors, and distributors to notify retailers and other in their supply chains of the prohibitions and to keep basic records.
The final rule became effective on May 28, 2019.
The full compliance guide is now available at: www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/risk-management-methylene-chloride